Posted on: March 31, 2020 Posted by: Clara Smith Comments: 0

What if your school books actually got it all wrong, though? There is now strong evidence there’s an eighth continent, mostly under the ocean – and no, it’s not the lost city of Atlantis. It’s one you might actually have visited. It’s called Zealandia. 

A bright white waterfall cascades down a deep green hillside in Fiordland National Park, South Island, New Zealand. In a dip between the steep hillsides, you can see blue snow-capped peaks in the distance. In the immediate foreground is water so blue that it's almost slate grey
Milford Sound in Fiordland National Park on New Zealand’s South Island is actually a tiny tip of the lost continent of Zealandia peeking up from the ocean © kris1138 via Getty Images

About the size and shape of Greenland, Zealandia (also called Tasmantis, which frankly sounds a bit more like Atlantis) is approximately 3.5 million square kms (1.35 million square miles) in size. It broke away from the ancient supercontinent Gondwanaland in the early Jurassic period, then later snapped off again from Antarctica and finally jettisoned from Australia about 23 million years ago like an iceberg calving from the Amery Ice Shelf. 

Today, this eighth continent is 93 percent underwater, so unless you’re a mermaid the only way to see it is by heading to the South Pacific and visiting the unique islands, separated by vast oceans but connected beneath the seas, that make up the remaining visible part of Zealandia.

A white and red fishing boat pulls into the harbor near Oban, New Zealand on the right side of the frame as a rainbow illuminates the white buildings and dock on the right side of the frame. The ocean is a deep slate blue and the sky is a light grey. The green forested hillsides along the shore are dotted with small white structures and red peaked roofs
Tiny Oban is one of the few populated areas on Zealandia, which was once the size of Greenland before sea levels rose and covered it over © Dianne Manson / Stringer

New Zealand

The obvious first – and eponymous – choice if you want to make landfall on the mysterious continent of Zealandia is, of course, New Zealand. Home to the vast majority of Zealandia’s human inhabitants, it also happens to be one of the most appealing travel destinations on earth, with the tourism infrastructure to match. 

If you nab a window seat flying into Auckland you will see a city built on a landmass made of 50 volcanoes. Across both the North and South Islands you can visit landscapes defined by their volcanic origins, as well as primordial forests and unique wildlife. But for the best insight into what once was, head down to Stewart Island/ Rakiura, New Zealand’s third largest island just across Foveaux Strait from the southernmost tip of South Island. 

Stewart Island has only one tiny settlement at the town of Oban (human population 400), while the rest of its 1570 square kms is designated as a national park. From the sea-pounded cliffs on the west to the sheltered harbours where you can sail, kayak and birdwatch on the eastern side – Stewart Island is carpeted with podocarp (the Southern conifers) and hardwood trees like the slow-growing rimu, the kahikatea (also called dinosaur trees) and 1000-year old forest giants, the tōtara. New Zealand’s mainland is also rich with natural Zealandia landscapes, some still actively volcanic. But to get away from the crowd, a tour to Stewart Island is worth the effort. 

A cemetery in the former penal colony on Norfolk Island shows carved headstones from the 1800s
The political sovereignty of Norfolk Island is up for debate, and so is its geology. Zealandia is only just starting to gain recognition as an invisible but distinct continent © Travel Ink via Getty Images

Norfolk Island

Is Norfolk Island part of Zealandia or an external territory of Australia? That’s up for some debate. Once a British penal colony, this windswept island is largely populated by descendants of HMS Bounty mutineers. It has its own language, Norf’k (also known as Norfuk) a blend of 18th-century English and Tahitian; its own customs; and its own flag. Despite its proud history and self-sufficiency (there are no traffic lights or fast food chains here) and decades of self-determination, in June 2015 the Australian government abolished the Norfolk Island Legislative Assembly and brought the island under the management of New South Wales. This decision to ‘recolonise’ has not been popular. 

A 79-year old islander, Albert Buffett, has taken the issue up with the United Nations, arguing that the islanders have been disenfranchised without consultation. Australia has responded with the claim that “there are no indigenous peoples of Norfolk Island or indigenous population on Norfolk Island,” arguing that the appeal emotive and riddled with factual errors. The argument is ongoing. 

Meanwhile, travelers heading to this tiny outcrop of what is geographically, if not politically, Zealandian, will find a stunning island littered with convict- and colonial-era relics, criss-crossed with walking trails and surrounded by coral reefs. It’s reached by a two-hour plane journey from Sydney, or Brisbane.

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